Circumcision is the surgical removal of a hood of skin called the foreskin which covers the tip of the penis. Circumcision is generally done as a cultural or religious custom.
The foreskin is a portion of skin that covers the head of the penis. It protects the delicate tip of the penis from cold and rubbing against undergarments, and keeps the tip lubricated. It should be kept clean to prevent bacterial infection.
Circumcision is most often performed for religious reasons. Some also undergo this procedure for personal hygiene, or to prevent penile cancer, urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases. It can also be conducted as a treatment for phimosis, when a man cannot pull back the foreskin completely, or for balanitis, when the penis tip gets infected.
Circumcision may not be advised if you are suffering from certain blood-clotting disorders.
Circumcision is usually performed 1 to 10 days after birth. Local anesthesia will be given to numb the region. A clamp or plastic ring is placed and tightened to minimize bleeding. The foreskin is then cut below the clamp.
The procedure in older children and adults is the same, but may require general anesthesia and suturing to prevent bleeding.
Your will most likely be discharged on the same day of the surgery. You may notice that the skin of the penis is red and swollen or forms a yellow crust on the tip. You will be instructed to keep the operated area clean and dry.
Adults who have undergone circumcision should avoid rigorous exercises and any sexual activity for four to six weeks.
Circumcision is generally considered a safe procedure. The operated area heals in up to 3 weeks in older boys.
As with any surgery, circumcision may be associated with certain risks such as bleeding and infection. Although rare, foreskin problems can occur if the foreskin is trimmed too short or too long, the incision does not heal properly or the leftover foreskin reattaches to the tip of the penis requiring surgical correction.
You will be instructed to contact your doctor if you does not urinate within 12 hours following the procedure, bleeding or redness persists, foul-smelling drainage occurs or the plastic ring remains in place even after 2 weeks.